Specificity of peptide binding by the HLA-A2.1 molecule.

Published

Journal Article

The HLA-A2 molecule contains a putative peptide binding site that is bounded by two alpha-helices and a beta-pleated sheet floor. Previous studies have demonstrated that the influenza virus matrix peptide M1 55-73 can sensitize target cells for lysis by HLA-A2.1-restricted virus-immune CTL and can induce CTL that can lyse virus-infected target cells. To assess the specificity of peptide binding by the HLA-A2.1 molecule, we examined the ability of seven variant M1 peptides to be recognized by a panel of M1 55-73 peptide-specific HLA-A2.1-restricted CTL lines. The results demonstrate that five out of the seven variant M1 55-73 peptides could be recognized by A2.1-restricted M1 55-73 peptide-specific CTL lines. The two variant peptides that were not recognized by any CTL could bind to HLA-A2.1 as indicated by their ability to compete for presentation of the M1 55-73 peptide. In addition, 5 of a panel of 24 unrelated peptides tested could also compete for M1 55-73 presentation by HLA-A2.1. One peptide derived from the sequence of a rotavirus protein could sensitize HLA-A2.1+ targets for lysis by M1 55-73 peptide-specific CTL. We conclude from these studies that: 1) the HLA-A2.1 molecule can bind a broad spectrum of peptides; 2) T cells selected for the ability to recognize one peptide plus a class I molecule can actually recognize an unrelated peptide presented by that same class I molecule; and 3) a stretch of three adjacent hydrophobic amino acids may be an important common feature of peptides that can bind to HLA-A2.1.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shimojo, N; Maloy, WL; Anderson, RW; Biddison, WE; Coligan, JE

Published Date

  • November 1, 1989

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 143 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 2939 - 2947

PubMed ID

  • 2553813

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2553813

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1767

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States