Electrophysiological effects of transient aortic occlusion in intact canine heart.
This study utilized sonomicrometers transmural multipolar electrodes and cardiac electrical stimulation techniques to examine the effect on myocardial electrophysiological characteristics of altering ventricular systolic mechanical properties by transient aortic occlusion. Nine anesthetized open-chest dogs were atrially paced, and timed extrastimuli were inserted during alternate drive-train sequences at right or left ventricular (RV, LV) epicardial sites to measure ventricular effective refractory period (ERP). Sonomicrometer measurements of LV systolic mechanical parameters and both RV and LV electrophysiological findings were determined prior to and during periods of transient aortic occlusion. Aortic occlusion was applied just prior to the last beat of each eight-beat atrial drive train and released immediately following the programmed ventricular extrastimulus. Aortic occlusion increased LV systolic pressure (+42 +/- 26.6 mmHg, P less than 0.01) and diminished segmental stroke shortening (0.100 +/- 0.059 mm, P less than 0.02), shortening fraction (0.086 +/- 0.048, P less than 0.001), mean velocity of stroke shortening (0.444 +/- 0.186 mm/s, P less than 0.001), and stroke work (P less than 0.001). LV epicardial and endocardial ERP were prolonged as a result of aortic occlusion (5 +/- 7.2 and 6 +/- 6.5 ms, respectively, P less than 0.05), whereas RV ERP was unchanged. Latency of premature beats at equivalent coupling intervals was unaltered. ERP prolongation correlated most strongly with reductions of segmental stroke shortening (r = 0.928, P less than 0.001), shortening fraction (r = 0.901, P less than 0.001), and mean shortening velocity (r = 0.819, P less than 0.01). Thus transient aortic occlusion prolonged LV refractoriness, and electrophysiological changes closely paralleled the severity of systolic mechanical disturbance.
Benditt, DG; Kriett, JM; Tobler, HG; Gornick, CC; Detloff, BL; Anderson, RW
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