Global left ventricular contractility in three models of hypertrophy evaluated with Emax.
Using the load independent contractility index, end-systolic pressure-volume ratio (Emax), contractility of the hypertrophied left ventricle (LV) from three different models was evaluated in conscious, resting dogs. The experimental animals included 12 dogs with perinephritic hypertension (HYP) (aortic diastolic pressure 130 +/- 5 mm Hg), 12 dogs who underwent aortic banding (AOB) at 6 to 8 weeks of age (resting aortic gradient 110 +/- 15 mm Hg), and 12 dogs with chronic fluid overload from aortocaval fistula (ACF). These were compared with 12 normal dogs (CTL). LV dimension and pressure were measured with ultrasonic tranducers and micromanometers. All three models resulted in hypertrophy with significant (P less than 0.01) increase in LV weight-to-body weight ratio (6.3 +/- 0.4, 8.4 +/- 0.5, 6.3 +/- 0.4, respectively, vs 4.4 +/- 0.1 g/kg). Cardiac output (6908 +/- 740 vs 2424 +/- 276 ml/min) and end-diastolic volume (118 +/- 11 vs 50 +/- 4 ml) were significantly (P less than 0.01) increased in AOB (18 +/- 1 vs 9 +/- 2 mm Hg). dp/dtmax was not significantly different among all groups. Emax (CTL = 5.3 +/- 0.4 mm Hg/ml) was not significantly changed in HYP (9.5 +/- 2.1) but was significantly (P less than 0.01) increased in AOB (14.1 +/- 2.6), and significantly (P less than 0.01) depressed in ACF (2.4 +/- .03). Thus, LV hypertrophy from systemic hypertension (HYP) or proximal aortic hypertension (AOB) is, at least initially, associated with preservation of contractility and normal hemodynamic performance.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Alyono, D; Ring, WS; Crumbley, AJ; Schneider, JR; O'Connor, MJ; Parrish, D; Bache, RJ; Anderson, RW
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