Fine mapping two distinct antigenic sites on simian virus 40 (SV40) T antigen reactive with SV40-specific cytotoxic T-cell clones by using SV40 deletion mutants.
The existence of two distinct antigenic sites at the surface of simian virus 40 (SV40)-transformed H-2b cells has been previously demonstrated (A. E. Campbell, L. F. Foley, and S. S. Tevethia, J. Immunol. 130:490-492, 1983) by using two independently isolated SV40-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) clones, K11 and K19. We identified amino acids in the amino-terminal half of SV40 T antigen that are essential for the recognition of antigenic sites by these CTL clones by using H-2b cells transformed by mutants that produce T antigen truncated from the amino-terminal or carboxy-terminal end or carrying overlapping internal deletions in the amino-terminal regions of SV40 T antigen. The results show that CTL clone K11 failed to recognize and lyse target cells missing SV40 T-antigen amino acids 189 to 211, whereas CTL clone K19 lysed these cells. The cell lines missing SV40 T-antigen amino acids 220 to 223 and 220 to 228 were not lysed by CTL clone K19 but were susceptible to lysis by CTL clone K11. Two other cell lines missing amino acids 189 to 223 and 189 to 228 of SV40 T antigen were not lysed by either of the CTL clones but were lysed by SV40-specific bulk-culture CTL if sufficient amounts of relevant restriction elements were expressed at the cell surface. The SV40 T-antigen amino acids critical for the recognition of an antigenic site by CTL clone K11 were identified to be 193 to 211; 220 to 223 were identified as critical for recognition by CTL clone K19. The deletion of these amino acids from the T antigen resulted in the loss of antigenic sites specific for CTL clones K11 and K19.
Anderson, RW; Tevethia, MJ; Kalderon, D; Smith, AE; Tevethia, SS
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