Effect of thymopoietin and interleukin 2 on depressed mitogenic responsiveness and colony formation of lymphocytes from patients with preleukemia.

Published

Journal Article

Previously, cloning efficiencies and mitogenic responsiveness of lymphocytes from patients with preleukemic disorders were shown to be significantly depressed. Whole blood T lymphocyte colony formation and 3H-TdR incorporation were used to assess the effects of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and thymopoietin (TP-5) on the proliferation of lymphocytes from patients with preleukemia. There were no statistically significant differences (p greater than 0.05) between any of the test groups stimulated with mitogen alone when compared to groups stimulated with mitogen plus TP-5 and/or IL-2 in either assay system for either patient or control groups. Nevertheless, TP-5 and IL-2 markedly increased the cloning efficiency and mitogenic responsiveness of lymphocytes from many of the patients studied, but in no case restored the proliferation response to the level of mitogen stimulated control lymphocytes. These findings suggest that other soluble mediators/factors may be needed to fully compensate for deficient mitogenic responsiveness and colony formation of lymphocytes from patients with preleukemic disorders which may be multifactoria in origin. Of importance, enhancement of lymphocyte responsiveness to PHA/Con-A with TP-5 and IL-2 suggests the presence of maturational/functional defects in lymphocytes from some of these patients which may be compensated for in part by addition of TP-5 and IL-2.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Knox, SJ; Rosenblatt, LS; Anderson, RW; Greenberg, BR

Published Date

  • 1986

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 1-2

Start / End Page

  • 33 - 44

PubMed ID

  • 3487854

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3487854

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0165-6090

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands