A new species of Propliopithecus from the Fayum, Egypt.


Journal Article

Propliopithecus ankeli is described as a new species of hominoid from the early Oligocene of Egypt. The new species occurs at a stratigraphic level 80 m below quarries yielding P. chirobates and Aegyptopithecus zeuxis. P. ankeli differs from other species of the genus in its large size, relatively robust canines, larger and proportionally broader premolars, and M1 that has as great or greater mesiodistal length than M2. Thus, P. ankeli is characterized by increased relative size and robustness of the antemolar dentition, which contrasts with the pattern observed in the Fayum's other large hominoid, A. zeuxis. P. ankeli probably represents a lineage not ancestral to other Fayum hominoids. Discovery of this new species emphasizes the diversity of anthropoid primates that had already evolved by the early Oligocene.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Simons, EL; Rasmussen, DT; Gebo, DL

Published Date

  • June 1, 1987

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 73 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 139 - 147

PubMed ID

  • 3113261

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3113261

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1096-8644

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9483

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/ajpa.1330730202


  • eng