Autism and multiple exostoses associated with an X;8 translocation occurring within the GRPR gene and 3' to the SDC2 gene.


Journal Article

An X;8 translocation was identified in a 27-year-old female patient manifesting multiple exostoses and autism accompanied by mental retardation and epilepsy. Through molecular analysis using yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) and cosmid clones, the translocation breakpoint was isolated and confirmed to be reciprocal within a 5'-GGCA-3' sequence found on both X and 8 chromosomes without gain or loss of a single nucleotide. The translocation breakpoint on the X chromosome occurred in the first intron of the gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) gene and that on chromosome 8 occurred approximately 30 kb distal to the 3' end of the Syndecan-2 gene (SDC2), also known as human heparan sulfate proteoglycan or fibroglycan. The GRPR gene was shown to escape X-inactivation. A dosage effect of the GRPR and a position effect of the SDC2 gene may, however, contribute the phenotype observed in this patient since the orientation of these genes with respect to the translocation was incompatible with the formation of a fusion gene. Investigation of mutations in these two genes in unrelated patients with either autism or multiple exostoses as well as linkage and association studies is needed to validate them as candidate genes.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Ishikawa-Brush, Y; Powell, JF; Bolton, P; Miller, AP; Francis, F; Willard, HF; Lehrach, H; Monaco, AP

Published Date

  • August 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1241 - 1250

PubMed ID

  • 9259269

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9259269

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1460-2083

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0964-6906

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/hmg/6.8.1241


  • eng