Molecular analysis of gene deletion in aniridia--Wilms tumor association.
Hybrid clones were produced from the fusion of Chinese hamster cells and human fibroblasts from a patient with the aniridia-Wilms tumor association (AWTA). The DNA from the parental cells and the hybrid clones was screened by Southern blot and DNA hybridization with probes for the human insulin and Ha-ras-1 genes. Two alleles for the Ha-ras-1 gene were shown to exist in the AWTA cells by restriction fragment length polymorphism. One hybrid clone, containing a single allele for Ha-ras-1 was shown to contain a single chromosome 11 with a cytogenetically visible deletion at 11p13. The DNA from this hybrid contained the human genes for insulin, A gamma-globin, G gamma-globin, Ha-ras-1, and calcitonin, but lacked any human sequences homologous to a human catalase cDNA. This clone was also shown to express human lactate dehydrogenase A (LDH A) activity. These data indicate that the deletion of the affected chromosome in this AWTA patient begins distal to LDH A and includes band 11p13, but does not extend to calcitonin or other genes thought to be located in the distal half of chromosome 11p.
Michalopoulos, EE; Bevilacqua, PJ; Stokoe, N; Powers, VE; Willard, HF; Lewis, WH
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