A highly polymorphic dinucleotide repeat on the proximal short arm of the human X chromosome: linkage mapping of the synapsin I/A-raf-1 genes.
A compound (AC)n repeat located 1,000 bp downstream from the human synapsin I gene and within the last intron of the A-raf-1 gene has been identified. DNA data-base comparisons of the sequences surrounding the repeat indicate that the synapsin I gene and the A-raf-1 gene lie immediately adjacent to each other, in opposite orientation. PCR amplification of this synapsin I/A-raf-1 associated repeat by using total genomic DNA from members of the 40 reference pedigree families of the Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humaine showed it to be highly polymorphic, with a PIC value of .84 and a minimum of eight alleles. Because the synapsin I gene has been mapped previously to the short arm of the human X chromosome at Xp11.2, linkage analysis was performed with markers on the proximal short arm of the X chromosome. The most likely gene order is DXS7SYN/ARAF1TIMPDXS255DXS146, with a relative probability of 5 x 10(8) as compared with the next most likely order. This highly informative repeat should serve as a valuable marker for disease loci mapped to the Xp11 region.
Kirchgessner, CU; Trofatter, JA; Mahtani, MM; Willard, HF; DeGennaro, LJ
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