An 18-locus linkage map of the pericentromeric region of the human X chromosome: genetic framework for mapping X-linked disorders.
We report a high-resolution genetic linkage map of the region Xp11.4 to Xq13.3, spanning the centromere of the X chromosome and encompassing approximately 30 cM. This 18-locus map is composed of 11 intervals that are spaced on average about 3 cM apart. Markers incorporated into the map together detect 19 distinct polymorphisms and include five genes (TIMP, SYP, AR, CCG1, PGK1), the OATL1 cluster, the hypervariable locus DXS255, the centromeric locus DXZ1, and 10 other anonymous DNA segments. Given that this map spans roughly one-fifth of the length of the X chromosome and includes many loci currently used in both diagnosis and mapping of X-linked disorders, it should be useful for genetic counseling and for guiding efforts to clone disease genes in this region.
Mahtani, MM; Lafrenière, RG; Kruse, TA; Willard, HF
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