Rapid creation of BAC-based human artificial chromosome vectors by transposition with synthetic alpha-satellite arrays.


Journal Article

Efficient construction of BAC-based human artificial chromosomes (HACs) requires optimization of each key functional unit as well as development of techniques for the rapid and reliable manipulation of high-molecular weight BAC vectors. Here, we have created synthetic chromosome 17-derived alpha-satellite arrays, based on the 16-monomer repeat length typical of natural D17Z1 arrays, in which the consensus CENP-B box elements are either completely absent (0/16 monomers) or increased in density (16/16 monomers) compared to D17Z1 alpha-satellite (5/16 monomers). Using these vectors, we show that the presence of CENP-B box elements is a requirement for efficient de novo centromere formation and that increasing the density of CENP-B box elements may enhance the efficiency of de novo centromere formation. Furthermore, we have developed a novel, high-throughput methodology that permits the rapid conversion of any genomic BAC target into a HAC vector by transposon-mediated modification with synthetic alpha-satellite arrays and other key functional units. Taken together, these approaches offer the potential to significantly advance the utility of BAC-based HACs for functional annotation of the genome and for applications in gene transfer.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Basu, J; Stromberg, G; Compitello, G; Willard, HF; Van Bokkelen, G

Published Date

  • January 26, 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 33 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 587 - 596

PubMed ID

  • 15673719

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15673719

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1362-4962

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0305-1048

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/nar/gki207


  • eng