Deletion analysis of recombinant human factor V. Evidence for a phosphatidylserine binding site in the second C-type domain.
Human coagulation factor V is an integral component of the prothrombinase complex. Rapid activation of prothrombin is dependent on the interactions of this nonenzymatic cofactor with factor Xa and prothrombin in the presence of calcium ions and a phospholipid or platelet surface. Factor V is similar structurally and functionally to the homologous cofactor, factor VIII, which interacts with factor IXa to accelerate factor X activation in the presence of calcium and phospholipids. Both of these cofactors, when activated, possess homologous heavy and light chains. Binding to anionic phospholipids is mediated by the light chains of these two cofactors. In bovine factor Va, a phosphatidylserine-specific binding site has been localized to the amino-terminal A3 domain of the light chain. In human factor VIII, on the other hand, a region within the carboxyl-terminal C2 domain of the light chain has been shown to interact with anionic phospholipids. We have constructed a series of recombinant deletion mutants lacking domain-size fragments of the light chain of human factor V (rHFV). These mutants are expressed and secreted as single-chain proteins by COS cells. Thrombin and the factor V activator from Russell's viper venom process these deletion mutants as expected. The light chain deletion mutants possess essentially no procoagulant activity, nor are they activated by treatment with factor V activator from Russell's viper venom. Deletion of the second C-type domain results in essentially complete loss of phosphatidylserine-specific binding whereas the presence of the C2 domain alone (rHFV des-A3C1, which lacks the A3 and C1 domains of the light chain) results in significant phosphatidylserine-specific binding. The presence of the A3 domain alone (rHFV des-C1C2) does not mediate binding to immobilized phosphatidylserine. Increasing calcium ion concentrations result in decreased binding of recombinant human factor V and the mutant rHFV des-A3C1 to phosphatidylserine, similar to previous studies with purified plasma factor V and phospholipid vesicles. These results indicate that human factor V, similar to human factor VIII, possesses a phosphatidylserine-specific binding site within the C2 domain of the light chain.
Ortel, TL; Devore-Carter, D; Quinn-Allen, M; Kane, WH
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