Antibodies to topical bovine thrombin correlate with access thrombosis.
Bovine thrombin is often used topically to promote hemostasis during vascular surgery, including dialysis-access placement. Patients frequently develop antibodies to bovine thrombin preparations, and some may develop antiphospholipid antibodies. We evaluated 88 hemodialysis patients for the presence of antibodies to topical bovine thrombin to determine if elevated antibody levels correlated with vascular access thrombosis. Twenty-seven patients (30.7%) had elevated antibody levels to topical bovine thrombin. More patients with elevated antibody levels had prior vascular access thrombosis than patients with normal antibody levels (13 of 27 versus 5 of 61 patients; P < 0.001). This difference was almost entirely the result of greater levels of thrombosis in patients with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts and elevated antibody levels. In these patients, 11 of 13 patients (84.6%) with elevated antibody levels had a previous thrombosis compared with 2 of 15 patients (13. 3%) with normal antibody levels (P < 0.001). Patients with elevated antibody levels and PTFE grafts also had more prior thromboses (1.92 +/- 1.60 versus 0.133 +/- 0.35 thromboses; P < 0.01) and a greater thrombosis rate (66.89 +/- 63.71 versus 4.65 +/- 12.05 thromboses/100 patient-years; P < 0.01) than patients with normal antibody levels. There were no differences in the frequency of myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass, access age, presence of diabetes mellitus, platelet counts, anticardiolipin antibody, albumin, lactate dehydrogenase, or C-reactive protein levels. In conclusion, patients with PTFE grafts and elevated antibody levels to topical bovine thrombin had significantly more vascular access thrombosis.
Sands, JJ; Nudo, SA; Ashford, RG; Moore, KD; Ortel, TL
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