Chemical defense of a rove beetle (Creophilus maxillosus)


Journal Article

The abdominal defensive glands of C. maxillosus secrete a mixture (70μg/beetle) of isoamyl alcohol (I), isoamyl acetate (II), iridodial (III), actinidine (IV), dihydronepetalactone (VE), and (E)-8-oxocitronellyl acetate (X). When disturbed, the beetle everts the glands and revolves the abdomen so as to wipe the glands against the offending agent. Fecal fluid is commonly emitted at the same time and may become added to the glandular material. Ants (Formica exsectoides) are effectively fended off by the beetle and were shown in bioassays (Monomorium destructor) to be repelled by the four major components of the secretion (II, III, X, VE); the principal component (VE) was the most active. Some anatomical features of the glands are described. © 1983 Plenum Publishing Corporation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jefson, M; Meinwald, J; Nowicki, S; Hicks, K; Eisner, T

Published Date

  • January 1, 1983

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 159 - 180

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-1561

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0098-0331

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/BF00987779

Citation Source

  • Scopus