Differential and simultaneous adenosine di- and triphosphate binding by MutS.

Published

Journal Article

The roles of ATP binding and hydrolysis in the function of MutS in mismatch repair are poorly understood. As one means of addressing this question, we have determined the affinities and number of adenosine di- and triphosphate binding sites within MutS. Nitrocellulose filter binding assay and equilibrium fluorescence anisotropy measurements have demonstrated that MutS has one high affinity binding site for ADP and one high affinity site for nonhydrolyzable ATP analogues per dimer equivalent. Low concentrations of 5'-adenylylimidodiphosphate (AMPPNP) promote ADP binding and a large excess of AMPPNP is required to displace ADP from the protein. Fluorescence energy transfer and filter binding assays indicate that ADP and nonhydrolyzable ATP analogues can bind simultaneously to adjacent subunits within the MutS oligomer with affinities in the low micromolar range. These findings suggest that the protein exists primarily as the ATP.MutS.ADP ternary complex in solution and that this may be the form of the protein that is involved in DNA encounters in vivo.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bjornson, KP; Modrich, P

Published Date

  • May 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 278 / 20

Start / End Page

  • 18557 - 18562

PubMed ID

  • 12624105

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12624105

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1083-351X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.m301101200

Language

  • eng