# Spin and (formula presented) interactions in quantum dots: Leading order corrections to universality and temperature effects

Journal Article

We study the statistics of the spacing between Coulomb blockade conductance peaks in quantum dots with large dimensionless conductance g. Our starting point is the “universal Hamiltonian”-valid in the (formula presented) limit-which includes the charging energy, the single-electron energies (described by random matrix theory), and the average exchange interaction. We then calculate the magnitude of the most relevant finite g corrections, namely, the effect of surface charge, the “gate” effect, and the fluctuation of the residual (formula presented) interaction. The resulting zero-temperature peak spacing distribution has corrections of order (formula presented) For typical values of the (formula presented) interaction (formula presented) and simple geometries, theory predicts an asymmetric distribution with a significant even/odd effect. The width of the distribution is of order (formula presented) and its dominant feature is a large peak for the odd case, reminiscent of the (formula presented) function in the (formula presented) limit. We consider finite temperature effects next. Only after their inclusion is good agreement with the experimental results obtained. Even relatively low temperature causes large modifications in the peak spacing distribution: (i) its peak is dominated by the even distribution at (formula presented) (at lower T a double peak appears), (ii) the even/odd effect is considerably weaker, (iii) the (formula presented) function is completely washed out, and (v) fluctuation of the coupling to the leads becomes relevant. Experiments aimed at observing the (formula presented) peak spacing distribution should therefore be done at (formula presented) for typical values of the (formula presented) interaction. © 2002 The American Physical Society.

### Full Text

### Duke Authors

### Cited Authors

- Usaj, G; Baranger, HU

### Published Date

- January 1, 2002

### Published In

### Volume / Issue

- 66 / 15

### Start / End Page

- 1 - 15

### Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

- 1550-235X

### International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

- 1098-0121

### Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

- 10.1103/PhysRevB.66.155333

### Citation Source

- Scopus