Effects of librational anharmonicity in the solid hydrogens


Journal Article

We compare the results of the recently published anharmonic theory of librons to the best available data on the libron Raman frequencies. This allows us to deduce a refined estimate of the effective value of the intermolecular quadrupolar coupling constant Γeff for solid H2 and D2. The effect on the librons of virtual transitions to the (J=3) rotational state is included with the result that Γeff is decreased. Our estimate from the optical data is then Γeff=0.72±0.04 and 0.58±0.03 cm-1 for D2(x=1) and H2(x=1), respectively, at zero pressure, where x denotes the mole fraction of J=1 molecules. We also use the anharmonic density of states to analyze specific heat and (PT)V data from which we obtain the average libron energy as a function of x. For D2(x=1) the result is Γeff=0.70±0.04 cm-1. Measurements of the conversion-induced pressure change in H2 give Γeff=0.56±0.03 cm-1. Both these determinations are in good agreement with the results from optical data for librons. Furthermore, it is found that there is no significant difference between Γeff(x=1) and Γeff determined from pair spectra in H2 and D2 with x1. The anharmonic density of states is also used to interpret the infrared absorption sideband spectrum for the creation of a vibron plus libron(s). The part of the spectrum which we attribute to one-libron processes has a width in agreement with this model and as expected there are two-libron processes resulting from cubic anharmonic libron-libron interactions. Incoherent-neutron-scattering data is also consistent with the anharmonic-libron spectrum. © 1973 The American Physical Society.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Harris, AB; Berlinsky, AJ; Meyer, H

Published Date

  • January 1, 1973

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 4720 - 4733

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0163-1829

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1103/PhysRevB.7.4720

Citation Source

  • Scopus