The mediating effect of eating self-efficacy on the relationship between emotional arousal and overeating in the treatment-seeking obese.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

In this study, we tested the proposition that the emotion-based eating of obese individuals is mediated by the effects of emotional arousal tendencies on brittle dieting self-restraint. Our indices of emotion-aroused eating, overeating, and brittle restraint were derived from a set of measures administered to 632 female and 254 male participants in a residential weight control and lifestyle change program. Mediation analyses indicated that (a) the relationship between positive emotion and overeating was entirely mediated by restraint tendencies and (b) the relationship between negative emotion eating and overeating was only partially mediated by brittle restraint. These findings held for both males and females. The results are discussed in relation to the viability of the psychosomatic hypothesis for understanding the relationship between emotions and overeating.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Costanzo, PR; Reichmann, SK; Friedman, KE; Musante, GJ

Published Date

  • 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 2 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 363 - 368

PubMed ID

  • 15001029

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1471-0153

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s1471-0153(01)00042-3


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States