Protein alignment by a coexpressed lanthanide-binding tag for the measurement of residual dipolar couplings.
A protein fusion construct of human ubiquitin with an N-terminal lanthanide binding tag (LBT) enables observation of long-range orientational restraints in solution NMR from residual dipolar couplings (RDCs) due to paramagnetic alignment of the protein. The paramagnetic lanthanide ions Tb3+, Dy3+, and Tm3+ are shown to bind to the LBT and induce different alignment tensors, in agreement with theory. RDCs, measured relative to the diamagnetic Lu3+, range from -7.6 to 5.5 Hz for Tb3+ and -6.6 to 6.1 Hz for Dy3+, while an opposite alignment tensor is observed for Tm3+ (4.5 to -2.9 Hz) at 800 MHz. Experimental RDCs are in excellent agreement with those predicted on the basis of the X-ray structure of the protein.
Wöhnert, J; Franz, KJ; Nitz, M; Imperiali, B; Schwalbe, H
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