Small cell lung carcinoma cell lines express mRNA for calcitonin and alpha- and beta-calcitonin gene related peptides.
Calcitonin (CT) and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) are derived from preprohormones encoded by three mRNAs (CT, alpha-CGRP and beta-CGRP) from two genes (CALC1 and CALC2) on chromosome 11. Among 16 small cell lung cancer cell lines examined by RNase protection assay, 9 (56%) had detectable CT mRNA, 8 (50%) had alpha-CGRP mRNA, and 13 (81%) had beta-CGRP mRNA. At least one CALC1 transcript (CT or alpha-CGRP) was found in 11 (69%) cell lines with three having only CT mRNA, two having only alpha-CGRP mRNA, and six having both. beta-CGRP mRNA was detected in all of these 11 cell lines expressing a CALC1 transcript. Immunoreactive CT was detected by radioimmunoassay in eight of nine SCLC cell lines expressing CT mRNA, and immunoreactive CGRP was detected in 12 of 13 cell lines expressing a CGRP mRNA. The variety of expression of these three peptides in different cell lines of the same cell type should provide a useful system for further study of the control of expression of these peptides.
Kelley, MJ; Snider, RH; Becker, KL; Johnson, BE
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