The Changing Dynamics of Urban Politics: Black and Hispanic Municipal Employment—Is There Competition?
The question of competition for political and socioeconomic resources between blacks and Hispanics in urban politics is one receiving increased attention. How does the significant presence of one minority group affect the other minority group? This research explores the issue of municipal employment competition between blacks and Hispanics in U.S. urban centers. Based on EEO-4 data from 41 U.S. cities of more than 25,000 population with at least 10% black and 10% Hispanic in 1980, findings indicate that black and Hispanic municipal employment outcomes covary negatively with white municipal employment but not with each other. Still, evidence also indicates that competition in municipal employment does appear as the size of the black work force increases. Additionally, in cities with black majorities or pluralities, Hispanics seem to fare less well in municipal employment outcomes, while in cities in which Hispanics are a majority or plurality, the consequences for blacks are more diffuse. © 1993, Southern Political Science Association. All rights reserved.
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