Urban neighborhoods, black residents, and homicide risk
Since the mid-1960s, homicide as a cause of death has been growing in importance in American society. Most analyses of homicide patterns focus primarily on the interaction between the victim and offender. One aspect often overlooked is the role of the environment as a contributor to homicide risk. This research examines the influence of urban black neighborhood characteristics on the level of homicide victimization. Demographic and social economic information was gathered on all census tracts with majority black populations (N = 480) in six American cities. In addition, homicide data for 1970 were collected from the cities’ public health departments. Analysis indicates that, for the most part, there appears to be a relationship between environmental factors and homicide risk for black residents of the six cities; however, the relationship seems to be extremely weak. © 1984 V.H. Winston & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
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