The Therapeutic Realizations Scale-Revised (TRS-R): psychometric characteristics and relationship to treatment process and outcome.


Journal Article

Therapeutic realizations are one of five universal, session-level change processes explicated in the Generic Model of Psychotherapy. Realizations refer to session impacts, the moment-to-moment accomplishments that patients experience within sessions. This study establishes the psychometric characteristics and factor structure of a modified patient-rated measure of session-level effects, the Therapeutic Realization Scale-Revised (TRS-R). In addition, it shows the relationship of the TRS-R to treatment process and outcome from the perspective of both patients and therapists. The findings provide support for the TRS-R as a reliable and valid, multidimensional index of session-level treatment effects.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kolden, GG; Strauman, TJ; Gittleman, M; Halverson, JL; Heerey, E; Schneider, KL

Published Date

  • September 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 56 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1207 - 1220

PubMed ID

  • 10987692

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10987692

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-4679

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9762

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/1097-4679(200009)56:9<1207::aid-jclp7>;2-z


  • eng