Anchor cell invasion into the vulval epithelium in C. elegans.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

An understanding of cell-invasive behavior has been limited by the lack of in vivo models where this activity can be clearly visualized and manipulated. We show that a single cell in the Caenorhabditis elegans gonad, the anchor cell (AC), initiates uterine-vulval contact through a cell invasion event. Using genetic analysis, laser ablations, and cell-specific markers, we demonstrate that AC invasion is predominantly stimulated by the 1 degrees vulval lineage cells, which generate a diffusible signal that promotes AC invasive behavior toward these cells and further targets invasive processes between the two central 1 degrees vulval lineage cells. We also show that AC invasion is regulated by the AC response to this cue, as well as a vulval-independent mechanism that weakly drives invasion. These studies dissect the regulatory mechanisms that underlie a simple cell-invasive behavior in vivo, and introduce AC invasion as a model for understanding key checkpoints controlling cell invasion.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sherwood, DR; Sternberg, PW

Published Date

  • July 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 21 - 31

PubMed ID

  • 12852849

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-1551

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1534-5807

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s1534-5807(03)00168-0


  • eng