Communication through a diffusive medium: coherence and capacity


Journal Article

Coherent wave propagation in disordered media gives rise to many fascinating phenomena as diverse as universal conductance fluctuations in mesoscopic metals and speckle patterns in light scattering. Here, the theory of electromagnetic wave propagation in diffusive media is combined with information theory to show how interference affects the information transmission rate between antenna arrays. Nontrivial dependencies of the information capacity on the nature of the antenna arrays are found, such as the dimensionality of the arrays and their direction with respect to the local scattering medium. This approach provides a physical picture for understanding the importance of scattering in the transfer of information through wireless communications.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Moustakas, AL; Baranger, HU; Balents, L; Sengupta, AM; Simon, SH

Published Date

  • January 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 287 / 5451

Start / End Page

  • 287 - 290

PubMed ID

  • 10634779

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10634779

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-9203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0036-8075

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.287.5451.287


  • eng