Heterogeneity of calcium compartmentation: electron probe analysis of renal tubules.
The objective of this study has been to determine the intracellular localization of calcium in cryofixed, cryosectioned suspensions of kidney proximal tubules using quantitative electron probe X-ray microanalysis. Two populations of cells have been identified: 1) "Viable" cells, representing the majority of cells probed, are defined by their relatively normal K/Na concentration ratio of approximately 4:1. Their measured Ca content is 4.1 +/- 1.4 (SEM) mmol/kg dry wt in the cytoplasm and 3.1 +/- 1.1 mmol/kg dry wt in the mitochondria, or an average cell calcium content of approximately 3.8 mmol/kg dry wt. 2) "Nonviable" cells, defined by the presence of dense inclusions in their mitochondria and a K/Na concentration ratio of approximately 1. The Ca content is 15 +/- 2 mmol/kg dry wt in the cytoplasm and 685 +/- 139 mmol/kg dry wt in the mitochondria of such cells. Assuming 25 to 30% of the cell volume is mitochondrial, the overall calcium content of such nonviable cells is approximately 210 mmol/kg dry wt. The presence of these inclusions in 4 to 5% of the cells would account for the average total Ca content measured in perchloric acid extracts of isolated proximal tubule suspensions (approximately equal to 18 nmol/mg protein or 12.6 mmol/kg dry wt). Whole kidney tissues display a large variability in total Ca content (4.5 to 18 nmol/mg protein, or 3.4 to 13.5 mmol/kg dry wt), which could be accounted for by inclusions in 0 to 4% of the cells. The electron probe X-ray microanalysis (EPXMA) data conclusively demonstrate that the in situ mitochondrial Ca content of viable cells from the kidney proximal tubule is low and support the idea that mitochondrial Ca may regulate dehydrogenase activity but probably does not normally control cytosolic free Ca.
LeFurgey, A; Ingram, P; Mandel, LJ
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