Hypersecretion of mucin in response to inflammatory mediators by guinea pig tracheal epithelial cells in vitro is blocked by inhibition of nitric oxide synthase.

Published

Journal Article

Primary cultures of guinea pig tracheal epithelial cells in air/liquid interface were exposed to one of four agents associated with airway inflammation: the peptide histamine (100 microM), the lipid mediator platelet-activating factor (1 microM), the cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (15 ng/ml; specific activity 2.86 x 10(7) U/mg), or enzymatically generated reactive oxygen species (purine [500 microM]+xanthine oxidase [20 mU/ml]). Effects of each of these substances on release of mucin by guinea pig tracheal epithelial (GPTE) cells were measured using a monoclonal antibody-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Each secretagogue significantly enhanced release of mucin, but the stimulatory effect of each was inhibited by pre-(+)co-incubation of the cells with the competitive inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMA), but not by NG-monomethyl-D-arginine (D-NMA), the inactive stereoisomer that does not inhibit nitric oxide synthase. Neither L-NMA nor D-NMA affected mucin secretion by themselves. The results suggest that each of these inflammation-associated mediators provokes airway epithelial mucin secretion via a mechanism involving intracellular production of nitric oxide (NO) as a critical signaling molecule.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Adler, KB; Fischer, BM; Li, H; Choe, NH; Wright, DT

Published Date

  • November 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 526 - 530

PubMed ID

  • 7576687

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7576687

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1044-1549

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1165/ajrcmb.13.5.7576687

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States