Overpopulation of Omega; in pp collisions: a way to distinguish statistical hadronization from string dynamics.
The Omega/Omega ratio originating from string decays is predicted to be larger than unity in proton-proton interactions at SPS energies ( E(lab) = 160 GeV). The antiomega dominance increases with decreasing beam energy. This surprising behavior is caused by the combinatorics of quark-antiquark production in small and low-mass strings. Since this behavior is not found in a statistical description of hadron production in proton-proton collisions, it may serve as a key observable to probe the hadronization mechanism in such collisions.
Bleicher, M; Liu, FM; Keränen, A; Aichelin, J; Bass, SA; Becattini, F; Redlich, K; Werner, K
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