Microscopic Models for Ultrarelativistic Heavy Ion Collisions


Journal Article (Academic article)

In this paper, the concepts of microscopic transport theory are introduced and the features and shortcomings of the most commonly used ansatzes are discussed. In particular, the Ultrarelativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics (UrQMD) transport model is described in great detail. Based on the same principles as QMD and RQMD, it incorporates a vastly extended collision term with full baryon-antibaryon symmetry, 55 baryon and 32 meson species. Isospin is explicitly treated for all hadrons. The range of applicability stretches from $E_{lab} 200$ GeV/nucleon, allowing for a consistent calculation of excitation functions from the intermediate energy domain up to ultrarelativistic energies. The main physics topics under discussion are stopping, particle production and collective flow.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bass, SA; Belkacem, M; Bleicher, M; Brandstetter, M; Bravina, L; Ernst, C; Gerland, L; Hofmann, M; Hofmann, S; Konopka, J; Mao, G; Neise, L; Soff, S; Spieles, C; Weber, H; Winckelmann, LA; Stöcker, H; Greiner, W; Hartnack, C; Aichelin, J; Amelin, N

Published Date

  • January 1, 1998

Published In

  • Prog. Part. & Nucl. Phys.

Volume / Issue

  • 41 /

Start / End Page

  • 225 - 370