Forgetting all else: on the antecedents and consequences of goal shielding.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Six studies explore the role of goal shielding in self-regulation by examining how the activation of focal goals to which the individual is committed inhibits the accessibility of alternative goals. Consistent evidence was found for such goal shielding, and a number of its moderators were identified: Individuals' level of commitment to the focal goal, their degree of anxiety and depression, their need for cognitive closure, and differences in their goal-related tenacity. Moreover, inhibition of alternative goals was found to be more pronounced when they serve the same overarching purpose as the focal goal, but lessened when the alternative goals facilitate focal goal attainment. Finally, goal shielding was shown to have beneficial consequences for goal pursuit and attainment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shah, JY; Friedman, R; Kruglanski, AW

Published Date

  • December 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 83 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1261 - 1280

PubMed ID

  • 12500810

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1315

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3514

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/0022-3514.83.6.1261


  • eng