Effect of private self-awareness on negative affect and self-referent attribution: A quantitative review

Journal Article (Review;Journal)

A meta-analysis was conducted to examine the effect of private self-awareness on negative affect and attributions of responsibility to the self. Results of studies manipulating self-awareness using stimuli such as a mirror and studies employing the private subscale of the Self-Consciousness Scale (Fenigstein, Scheier, & Buss, 1975) as a measure of self-consciousness were summarized and compared. A small effect size was found for the effect of private self-awareness for both negative affect and self-referent attribution; the effect was equivalent across mirror and self-report operationalizations of private self-awareness. Moderator analyses revealed that these effects were stronger for women, particularly for studies that used the self-report operationalization and those that investigated self-referent attribution.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fejfar, MC; Hoyle, RH

Published Date

  • January 1, 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 4 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 132 - 142

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1088-8683

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1207/S15327957PSPR0402_02

Citation Source

  • Scopus