Stability within the self: a longitudinal study of the structural implications of self-discrepancy theory.

Journal Article (Clinical Trial;Journal Article)

Self-discrepancy theory emphasizes the emotional significance of patterns of relations between the self-concept and ideal and ought self-guides and predicts stability within the self related to structural characteristics independent of specific self-beliefs. It was hypothesized that whereas participants' specific self-descriptions would vary substantially over time, magnitude of self-discrepancy, regulatory focus (the individual's dominant self-guide domain), and other structural features would be stable. Participants (N = 47) were recruited from 2 samples that had completed a self-belief interview and a childhood memory cued-recall task 3 years earlier (T. J. Strauman, 1990). As expected, participants' self-descriptions varied, but magnitude and type of self-discrepancy, associations between self-guide domains and childhood memories, and correlates of regulatory focus were stable.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Strauman, TJ

Published Date

  • December 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 71 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1142 - 1153

PubMed ID

  • 8979383

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1315

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3514

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037//0022-3514.71.6.1142


  • eng