Membership has its (epistemic) rewards: need for closure effects on in-group bias.

Published

Journal Article

Three studies examined the impact of the need for cognitive closure on manifestations of in-group bias. All 3 studies found that high (vs. low) need for closure increased in-group favoritism and outgroup derogation. Specifically, Study 1 found a positive relation between need for cognitive closure and both participants' ethnic group identification and their collective self-esteem. Studies 2 and 3 found a positive relation between need for closure and participants' identification with an in-group member and their acceptance of an in-group member's beliefs and attitudes. Studies 2 and 3 also found a negative relation between need for closure and participants' identification with an out-group member and their acceptance of an out-group member's beliefs and attitudes. The implications of these findings for the epistemic function of in-groups are discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shah, JY; Kruglanski, AW; Thompson, EP

Published Date

  • August 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 75 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 383 - 393

PubMed ID

  • 9731314

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9731314

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1315

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3514

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037//0022-3514.75.2.383

Language

  • eng