It takes two to mimic: behavioral consequences of self-construals.


Journal Article

The present studies demonstrated the moderation of self-construal orientation on mimicry. Recent research has indicated that an interdependent self-construal is associated with assimilation of the other to the self whereas an independent self-construal is associated with minimizing the influence of others on the self (H. R. Markus & S. Kitayama, 1991; D. Stapel & W. Koomen, 2001). Therefore, the authors hypothesized that an interdependent self-construal would be associated with more mimicry than an independent self-construal. When self-construal orientations were experimentally primed, as in Studies 1 and 2, independent self-construals produced less nonconscious mimicry than interdependent self-construals. When self-construals were examined as cultural differences with either a chronically dominant independent (Americans) or interdependent (Japanese) construal of the self, these results were replicated.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • van Baaren, RB; Maddux, WW; Chartrand, TL; de Bouter, C; van Knippenberg, A

Published Date

  • May 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 84 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1093 - 1102

PubMed ID

  • 12757151

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12757151

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1315

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3514

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/0022-3514.84.5.1093


  • eng