Influence of nitroglycerin on splanchnic capacity and splanchnic capacity-cardiac output relationship.

Published

Journal Article

It has been postulated, but not tested directly, that nitroglycerin's venodilatory effects attenuate cardiac output. Thus, the present study examined the importance of changes in splanchnic capacity, as assessed by scintigraphy, in the regulation of cardiac output during nitroglycerin administration in 16 anesthetized pigs under conditions of carotid sinus denervation and cervical vagotomy. With nitroglycerin administration (0.5 mg/min i.v.) for 5 min, systemic arterial pressure decreased from 115 +/- 7 to 95 +/- 7 mmHg (P < 0.0001), portal vein pressure decreased from 9.0 +/- 0.5 to 8.5 +/- 0.5 mmHg (P < 0.0001), portal flow increased from 637 +/- 49 to 668 +/- 60 ml/min (P = 0.09), and transhepatic resistance decreased from 7.5 +/- 1.5 to 6.5 +/- 1.0 mmHg.min.l-1 (P < 0.01), but cardiac output was unchanged (1,929 +/- 126 to 1,890 +/- 138 ml/min). Total splanchnic intravascular volume (VI) increased 1.6 +/- 1.0% (P < 0.05, 14 +/- 10 ml). This increase was due to an increment in extrahepatosplenic (mesenteric) VI (12.9 +/- 1.9%, P < 0.0001), since splenic VI decreased (9.6 +/- 2.8%, P < 0.0001) and hepatic VI did not change. After splenectomy, nitroglycerin infusions at doses of 0.5 and 2 mg/min were associated with increases in total splanchnic VI of 3.7 +/- 1.2% (P < 0.0001, 30 +/- 10 ml) and 7.6 +/- 1.7% (P < 0.001, 59 +/- 10 ml) due entirely to increases in mesenteric volume of 9.9 +/- 2.7% (P < 0.0001) and 16.5 +/- 1.9% (P < 0.0001), respectively, but cardiac output was unchanged at the end of infusion at either dose.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Morse, MA; Rutlen, DL

Published Date

  • January 1, 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 76 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 112 - 119

PubMed ID

  • 8175494

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8175494

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1522-1601

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 8750-7587

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/jappl.1994.76.1.112

Language

  • eng