Tertiary initiation of replication in bacteriophage T4. Deletion of the overlapping uvsY promoter/replication origin from the phage genome.
Tertiary initiation of bacteriophage T4 DNA replication is resistant to the RNA polymerase inhibitor rifampicin and apparently involved in the activity of recombination hot spots in the T4 genome (Kreuzer, K. N., and Alberts, B. M. (1985) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 82, 3345-3349). One of the origins that function by the tertiary mechanism maps at the promoter for gene uvs Y. A deletion and a linker-insertion mutation in the uvsY promoter/origin region were generated by in vitro manipulations and then placed into the T4 genome using the insertion/substitution system (Selick, H. E., Kreuzer, K. N., and Alberts, B. M. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 11336-11347). Both resulting phage strains are uvsY- mutants, but they differ in that one has a deletion of the minimal tertiary origin and the other does not. The effects of the uvsY mutations on tertiary origin activity were assayed by infecting tertiary origin plasmid-bearing Escherichia coli with the two phage mutants. The tertiary origin plasmids replicated extensively after infection by either uvsY- phage mutant, demonstrating that the uvsY protein is not required for tertiary initiation. The extent of plasmid replication was increased dramatically as a result of either mutation, indicating that the uvsY protein plays some negative role in either the initiation or subsequent processing of plasmid replicative intermediates. The phage strain with an origin deletion induced the replication of a tertiary origin plasmid with which it shared no homology. Therefore, plasmid-phage recombination is not required for the replication of tertiary origin plasmids. The replication of a tertiary origin plasmid is also shown to be independent of the phage genes uvsX, 59, and 46, but markedly reduced by mutations in the T4-induced topoisomerase.
Kreuzer, KN; Engman, HW; Yap, WY
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