The relationship of negative thoughts to pain and psychological distress


Journal Article

This study examines the degree to which negative thoughts during flare-ups of pain are related to pain and psychological distress in three pain populations, sickle cell disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and chronic pain. One-hundred eighty-five subjects completed the Inventory of Negative Thoughts in Response to Pain (INTRP), a pain rating scale, the Symptom Checklist 90-R, and the Coping Strategies Questionnaire. Factor analysis of the INTRP revealed three factors: Negative Self-Statements, Negative Social Cognitions, and Self-Blame. High scorers on Negative Self-Statements and Negative Social Cognitions reported more severe pain and psychological distress. Patients with chronic daily pain had more frequent negative thoughts during flare-ups than patients having intermittent pain secondary to sickle cell disease or rheumatoid arthritis. Data suggest that the INTRP has adequate internal consistency and construct validity, and appears to be a useful tool for assessing negative throughts in response to pain. © 1990 Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy. All rights reserved.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gil, KM; Williams, DA; Keefe, FJ; Beckham, JC

Published Date

  • January 1, 1990

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 349 - 362

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0005-7894

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/S0005-7894(05)80336-3

Citation Source

  • Scopus