Mammography pain and discomfort: a cognitive-behavioral perspective.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Although some women report having little pain or discomfort during mammography, other women find mammography to be a painful and uncomfortable experience. Cognitive and behavioral factors may influence the perception of pain and discomfort during mammography. This review critically evaluates the research on mammography pain from a cognitive-behavioral perspective. The review is in three sections. The first reviews studies measuring pain and discomfort in women who have recently had mammograms and studies investigating the relative importance of pain and discomfort in influencing women's decisions to have a mammogram. The second section presents a cognitive-behavioral model of mammography pain that is based on theories of behavior and self-regulation developed by Kanfer and Hagerman (1987). The review concludes with a discussion of the implications of the cognitive-behavioral perspective for clinical management and research on mammography pain and discomfort.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Keefe, FJ; Hauck, ER; Egert, J; Rimer, B; Kornguth, P

Published Date

  • March 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 56 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 247 - 260

PubMed ID

  • 8022619

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0304-3959

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0304-3959(94)90163-5


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States