Cloning of the gene encoding Leishmania donovani S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase, a potential target for antiparasitic chemotherapy.
A full-length gene encoding the S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase (AdoHcyase) enzyme has been isolated from a genomic library of Leishmania donovani DNA in lambda GEM-11 by cross-hybridization to the full-length human AdoHcyase cDNA. The nucleotide sequence of the SalI fragment contained a single open reading frame that encoded a polypeptide of 438 amino acids (47,712 Da). After maximum gap alignment, the predicted amino acid sequence of the leishmanial AdoHcyase was 70-73% identical to AdoHCyases from higher eukaryotes. In addition, a data base search revealed that the primary structure of all AdoHcyase proteins was highly homologous to that of a protein encoded by a mRNA from Drosophila melanogaster that maps near the r element function of the Abd-b homeotic gene. In Northern blots, the SalI fragment hybridized to a 3.0-kb transcript that presumably encodes the parasite enzyme. Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA revealed that the AdoHcyase gene did not exist as a tandemly repeated array within the L. donovani genome. Moreover, monoclonal antibodies generated against human AdoHcyase recognized a leishmanial protein on immunoblots. Finally, the growth of L. donovani promastigotes could be arrested by micromolar concentrations of 3-deazaaristeromycin (C3Ari) and 9-(trans-2',trans-3'-dihydroxycyclopentanyl)adenine, 2 known inhibitors of mammalian AdoHcyase. C3Ari also induced a substantial expansion of the intracellular pools of both AdoHcy and S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet), as well as a significant diminution of the AdoMet/AdoHcy ratio. Thus, AdoHcyase may have therapeutic potential for the selective treatment of diseases of parasitic origin.
Henderson, DM; Hanson, S; Allen, T; Wilson, K; Coulter-Karis, DE; Greenberg, ML; Hershfield, MS; Ullman, B
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