Neuropsychology of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a meta-analytic review.

Journal Article

A comprehensive, empirically based review of the published studies addressing neuropsychological performance in adults diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was conducted to identify patterns of performance deficits. Findings from 33 published studies were submitted to a meta-analytic procedure producing sample-size-weighted mean effect sizes across test measures. Results suggest that neuropsychological deficits are expressed in adults with ADHD across multiple domains of functioning, with notable impairments in attention, behavioral inhibition, and memory, whereas normal performance is noted in simple reaction time. Theoretical and developmental considerations are discussed, including the role of behavioral inhibition and working memory impairment. Future directions for research based on these findings are highlighted, including further exploration of specific impairments and an emphasis on particular tests and testing conditions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hervey, AS; Epstein, JN; Curry, JF

Published Date

  • July 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 485 - 503

PubMed ID

  • 15291727

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0894-4105

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/0894-4105.18.3.485

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States