The Happy Personality: A Meta-Analysis of 137 Personality Traits and Subjective Well-Being

Published

Journal Article

This meta-analysis used 9 literature search strategies to examine 137 distinct personality constructs as correlates of subjective well-being (SWB). Personality was found to be equally predictive of life satisfaction, happiness, and positive affect, but significantly less predictive of negative affect. The traits most closely associated with SWB were repressive-defensiveness, trust, emotional stability, locus of control-chance, desire for control, hardiness, positive affectivity, private collective self-esteem, and tension. When personality traits were grouped according to the Big Five factors, Neuroticism was the strongest predictor of life satisfaction, happiness, and negative affect. Positive affect was predicted equally well by Extraversion and Agreeableness. The relative importance of personality for predicting SWB, how personality might influence SWB, and limitations of the present review are discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • DeNeve, KM; Cooper, H

Published Date

  • January 1, 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 124 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 197 - 229

PubMed ID

  • 9747186

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9747186

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0033-2909

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/0033-2909.124.2.197

Citation Source

  • Scopus