Effect of substance P on neurally mediated contraction of rabbit airway smooth muscle.
The neuromodulatory action of substance P (SP) was investigated in isolated rabbit tracheal smooth muscle (TSM) segments contracted with electrical field stimulation (ES). The tissues were placed in organ baths containing modified Krebs-Ringer solution and stimulated at a constant voltage (8 V; 24.5 mA) and pulse duration (2 ms) with ES frequencies ranging from 1 to 100 Hz. In the presence of SP, there occurred a dose-dependent augmentation of the TSM contractile response to any given ES, with the maximal effect of SP obtained at a dose of 10(-7) M. Accordingly, with the administration of 10(-7) M SP, the ES frequency-response relationship was altered so that 1) the mean (+/- SE) maximal tension (Tmax) induced by ES significantly increased (P less than 0.02) from a base-line value of 273 +/- 53 to 402 +/- 45 g/g TSM; and 2) the mean (+/- SE) log ES frequency producing 50% of Tmax (ES50) significantly decreased from a base-line value of 1.278 +/- 0.069 to 1.102 +/- 0.070 Hz (P less than 0.01). In contrast to these effects on ES-induced contraction, SP administration did not affect the TSM contractile response to administered methacholine chloride (10(-8) to 10(-3) M). On the other hand, the effects of SP on ES-induced contraction were independently blocked by the cholinergic antagonist, atropine (10(-6) M); the neurotoxin, tetrodotoxin (10(-6) g/ml); and the SP antagonist, D-Arg1,D-Pro2,D-Trp7,9,Leu11-SP (10(-5) M).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Tanaka, DT; Grunstein, MM
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