DNA fragmentation in permeabilized cells and nuclei. The role of (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-dependent endodeoxyribonuclease


Journal Article

Permeabilized mammalian cells and isolated nuclei were used to study various aspects of DNA replication and repair. The present paper describes a progressive fragmentation of parental DNA in human lymphoblastoid cells that were permeabilized with L-alpha-lysophosphatidylcholine or with saponin and incubated at 37 degrees C in a DNA-synthesis mixture. The formation of DNA single-strand breaks (measured by alkaline elution) was linear with the time of incubation and was temperature-dependent. It was prevented by deleting Mg2+ or both Mg2+ and Ca2+ from the incubation mixture, or by the addition of EDTA. It was increased by deleting the components necessary for DNA synthesis, and by substituting Mn2+ for Mg2+ and Ca2+. DNA strand breaks also accumulated in isolated nuclei incubated in a DNA synthesis mixture, but not when Mg2+ was omitted. These results suggest that DNA fragmentation in permeabilized cells and nuclei was due to an activation of (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-dependent endodeoxyribonucleases. The integrity of template DNA needs to be ascertained when the conditions for measuring DNA synthesis in permeabilized cells or in nuclei are formulated.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kaminskas, E; Li, JC

Published Date

  • July 1, 1989

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 261 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 17 - 21

Published By

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1470-8728

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0264-6021

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1042/bj2610017


  • en