Hypoxia enhances unilateral lung injury by increasing blood flow to the injured lung.
We hypothesized that in unilateral lung injury, bilateral hypoxic ventilation would induce vasoconstriction in the normal lung, redirect blood flow to the injured lung, and cause enhanced edema formation. Unilateral left lung injury was induced by intrabronchial instillation of 1.5 ml/kg of 0.1 N HCl. After HCl injury, blood flow to the injured left lung decreased progressively from 0.70 +/- 0.04 to 0.37 +/- 0.05 l/min and percent of flow to the injured left lung (QL/QT) decreased from 37.7 +/- 2.2 to 23.6 +/- 2.2% at 240 min. Exposure to hypoxia (12% O2) for three 10-min episodes did not affect QL/QT in normal animals, but after unilateral HCl injury, it caused blood flow to the injured left lung to increase significantly. A concomitant decrease in blood flow occurred to the noninjured right lung, resulting in a significant increase in QL/QT. The enhanced blood flow to the injured lung was associated with a significant increase in the wet-to-dry lung weight ratio in the dependent regions of the injured lung. These findings demonstrate that in unilateral HCl-induced lung injury, transient hypoxia can enhance blood flow to the areas of injury and increase lung edema formation.
Takeda, K; Knapp, MJ; Wolfe, WG; Crapo, JD
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)