Stability of hearing preservation following acoustic neuroma surgery.
Identification of small acoustic neuromas has become commonplace. Frequently, affected individuals are identified prior to the development of significant hearing loss. Whereas many studies have focused on hearing preservation surgery, few have reported on stability of hearing results after resection of acoustic neuroma. Between 1985 and 1991, 36 patients underwent resection of an acoustic neuroma via a retrosigmoid, internal auditory canal approach with attempted hearing preservation. Hearing was preserved in 24 patients; 17 were available for testing for the present study. Follow-up ranged from 1.5 to 8 years. All patients underwent complete audiologic assessment; most patients also underwent auditory brainstem response testing. There was an average 6 dB increase in pure-tone average between early (1 month) postoperative and long-term postoperative test results. A binomial single subject statistic was used to assess for significant changes in speech recognition scores over time. In two subjects there was a significant decrease; however, speech recognition also improved significantly in two subjects. Five of the 17 subjects demonstrated either a significant (at least 15 dB) increase in pure-tone average or a significant decrease in speech recognition over the time-course of the study. All patients maintained usable hearing. We conclude that long-term hearing preservation is a realistic goal in selected acoustic neuroma operations.
Tucci, DL; Telian, SA; Kileny, PR; Hoff, JT; Kemink, JL
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