Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Bone-patella tendon-bone versus semitendinosus anatomic reconstruction.
In this article, the long term (2-10 years; mean, 4.8 years) followup results of two reconstructive procedures for the anterior cruciate ligament are compared. The bone-patella tendon-bone (with interference fit fixation) was performed on 69 knees, and the semitendinosus anatomic reconstruction was performed on 68 knees, in a population of 76 men and 52 women (age range, 15-60 years; average, 31 years). The patients in the two groups showed no difference in subjective results or activity level and no significant difference to manual testing. The semitendinosus procedure group had a slightly higher KT manual maximum failure rate than the patella tendon group (17% versus 11%). Arthrometric stability did not show deterioration, but patient satisfaction decreased in those patients who had meniscectomies. Both procedures showed satisfactory results during the long term followup. However, if the secondary restraints are compromised, the stiffer bone-patella tendon-bone construct is preferred for reconstruction of the chronic anterior cruciate ligament deficient knee.
Feagin, JA; Wills, RP; Lambert, KL; Mott, HW; Cunningham, RR
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