Nipple-areola reconstruction after mastectomy.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Hypopigmentation, fibrosis, and the risk of autotransplantation of malignant cells have resulted in diminished enthusiasm for preserving the nipple-areolar complex after mastectomy. Adequate color match for areola reconstruction can be obtained with a full-thickness medial groin graft after breast mound symmetry has been achieved. Both a single-stage and a two-stage technique are described for nipple reconstruction. These techniques use existing approaches with some modification, and provide nipple-areolar complexes that are symmetrical, have satisfactory color match, and provide good nipple projection. Most important, the contralateral nipple-areolar complex is not violated. It can be dealt with as deemed best in terms of cancer prophylaxis.
- Serafin, D; Georgiade, N
- January 1, 1982
Volume / Issue
- 8 / 1
Start / End Page
- 29 - 34
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States