Coronary collateral blood flow in acute myocardial infarction.


Journal Article

The evolution and transmural distribution of coronary collateral blood flow in acute myocardial infarction was determined in 24 trained, unanesthetized dogs by injection of radioactive microspheres into the coronary circulation. Acute coronary artery occlusion resulted in a greater decrease in subendocardial flow than subepicardial flow in both the central and marginal zones of the infarct. Coronary collateral blood flow was distributed primarily to the marginal zone and to the subepicardium of the central zone of the infarct. The greatest increase in collateral flow occured between 12 and 18 hours after coronary artery occlusion. By 24 hours after coronary occlusion, blood flow to all areas of the infarct except the subendocardium of the central zone had returned to near control levels. This dispropotionate distribution of coronary collateral blood flow during the early stages of myocardial ischemic injury helps to explain the apparent lack of protection of the subendocardium by collateral flow.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Cox, JL; Pass, HI; Wechsler, AS; Oldham, HN; Sabiston, DC

Published Date

  • January 1975

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 69 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 117 - 125

PubMed ID

  • 1110573

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1110573

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-5223


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States