Analysis of myocardial function in orthotopic cardiac allografts after prolonged storage in UW solution.
The need for a better organ preservative solution in heart transplantation is clear. At the same time, newer techniques in the assessment of cardiac function in the laboratory have made accurate load-independent quantification of myocardial preservation possible. Therefore a study was undertaken to evaluate left ventricular function in transplanted hearts after 14 hours of preservation in the intracellular lactobionate solution. Nine dogs were instrumented with ultrasonic dimension transducers, to measure left ventricular epicardial volume, and with micromanometers, to measure left ventricular pressure. Left ventricular wall volumes were determined from epicardial echocardiograms. To define the extent of organ injury resulting from the transplant procedure and cardiopulmonary bypass alone, four other animals were instrumented in a similar fashion, and left ventricular function was assessed after standard cardioplegic arrest and transplantation. The transplant procedures were performed with a warm ischemic period of 0.75 +/- 0.2 hours. In all experiments, data were collected before graft harvest and 1 hour after separation from cardiopulmonary bypass. Standard cardioplegic arrest and 2.4 +/- 0.1 hours of ischemia resulted in a decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction from 0.43 +/- 0.04 to 0.27 +/- 0.1 (37%) (p less than 0.01), a decrease in the slope of the stroke work/end-diastolic volume relationship from 15.4 +/- 7.9 to 7.9 +/- 2.0 erg X 10(4) (49%; p less than 0.01), and a decrease in the myocardial power output from 19.7 +/- 10.9 to 5.9 +/- 1.9 (70%; p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Elbeery, JR; Lucke, JC; Speier, R; Rankin, JS; VanTrigt, P
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