Combination versus single agent therapy in effecting complete therapeutic response in human bladder cancer: analysis of cisplatin and/or 5-fluorouracil in an in vivo survival model.
An in vivo study of cisplatin (CDDP) and 5-fluorouracil (5FU) cytotoxicity was performed using a multidose matrix with a human bladder transitional cell carcinoma xenograft tumor line (DU4284) tested by subrenal capsule assay in 154 nude mice (NM-SRCA). Statistical analysis of initial growth inhibition at 20 days and host survival demonstrates therapeutic, cooperative interaction. Toxic doses of either CDDP or 5FU alone as well as low-dose combinations provided modest or no survival benefit. The single dose of CDDP (7 mg/kg) and of 5FU (100 mg/kg) was best (by analysis of efficacy and toxicity) of those tested and caused > 97% initial regression. While 94% of controls incurred tumor deaths by 225 days, 75% treated at this dose were tumor free and likely cured. Our conclusions were: (a) NM-SRCA human xenograft testing is excellent for rapid in vivo screening of promising treatment strategies to evaluate for efficacy at acceptable toxicity, but confirmation of true therapeutic impact should be sought by correlating initial growth inhibition with host survival; (b) enhanced survival seen only when CDDP/5FU are used together (versus either single agent) supports the value of pursuing histiotype-specific screening of potentially synergistic drug combinations; and (c) of clinical relevance, human transitional cell carcinoma is now identified as a histiotype in which a therapeutic, cooperative interaction between CDDP/5FU has been demonstrated in vivo.
Keane, TE; Gingrich, JR; Rosner, G; Webb, KS; Poulton, SH; Walther, PJ
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